Pumice or Perlite: The Ultimate Guide for Succulent Lovers

Pumice and perlite are both popular soil amendments for succulent lovers. They help improve soil drainage, aeration, and moisture retention, which are essential for the healthy growth of succulents.
A pumice on a cactus pot.

Most succulent lovers know that their beloved plants hate excess moisture. Too much moisture can lead to root rot and other serious problems. That’s why it’s so important that you choose the right soil for your plants. Two of the best choices for succulent soil amendment options are pumice or perlite. Both are inorganic and have neutral pH values critical in reducing soil density. They don’t decompose and can easily turn poor soil into excellent succulent soil.

But which one is the better choice for your succulents? Well, the truth is that both pumice and perlite are good options. It all depends on what you need from them and what kind of succulents you have. Pumice is a lightweight volcanic rock that has tiny air pockets throughout its structure. These air pockets help create an environment that drains well while providing the necessary moisture for your succulents to thrive. Perlite is a siliceous volcanic glass that has been heated and expanded, forming tiny air pockets throughout the material. These pockets make perlite so effective at aeration and drainage in the soil. The difference between the two is that pumice is denser than perlite, making it better for succulents that need more moisture in their soil.

This blog post covers everything you need to know about perlite and pumice so you can decide which is best for your succulents. So, let’s get started!


Pumice, a volcanic rock with excellent horticultural properties, has emerged as a favored soil amendment option for succulent enthusiasts.

Pumice is a lightweight, porous volcanic rock formed when lava rapidly cools down after being ejected from a volcano. It mainly comprises highly vesicular volcanic glass and various minerals such as feldspar and quartz.

Due to its unique structure, pumice exhibits exceptional drainage and aeration properties, making it an ideal soil amendment option for succulents.

A closeup image of a pumice.
It is commonly extracted through open-pit mining or collected from volcanic deposits.

Pumice is primarily sourced from volcanic regions around the world, including areas with active and dormant volcanoes. It is commonly extracted through open-pit mining or collected from volcanic deposits.

Once mined, the pumice is crushed into various particle sizes suitable for horticultural use.

What Are the Advantages of Pumice?

Below are some of the advantages of pumice over perlite:

  • Excellent Drainage: Pumice’s porous nature allows water to flow freely through the soil, preventing excess moisture retention and reducing the risk of root rot, a common problem in succulents.
  • Enhanced Aeration: The air-filled pores in pumice facilitate the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the soil, promoting healthy root growth and preventing root suffocation.
  • pH Neutral: Pumice is pH-neutral, which helps maintain a balanced pH level in the soil, preventing alkalinity or acidity imbalances that could harm succulents.
  • Lightweight: Pumice’s lightweight nature makes it easier to handle and work with, especially when potting or repotting succulents.
  • Longevity: Pumice is highly durable and does not break down easily, providing long-term benefits to succulent plants.

Potential Drawbacks of Pumice

Pumice also has some potential drawbacks that should be kept in mind.

  • Cost: Pumice is typically more expensive than perlite, making it a more costly soil amendment option. However, it’s longevity and beneficial properties often outweigh the initial cost.
  • Availability: The availability of pumice may vary depending on your region, so it may not always be easy to find.
  • Limited Water Retention: Pumice’s excellent drainage properties can be a disadvantage in areas with extremely dry climates or for succulents that require higher moisture levels. Gardeners must monitor watering carefully to avoid underwatering.
  • Particle Size: Pumice usually comes in different particle sizes, making it difficult to find the right size for your succulents.

Considerations for Succulent Gardeners

There are some important factors to consider when deciding whether pumice or perlite is the right soil amendment option for you. Here are the most important considerations for pumice.

Panda plant in a soil.
There are some important factors to consider when deciding whether pumice or perlite.
  • Particle Size: It is important to select pumice with appropriate particle size for succulent cultivation. Finer grades (3-6 mm) are suitable for smaller containers and seedlings, while coarser grades (6-10 mm) are better suited for larger containers and more established plants.
  • Watering Frequency: Since pumice has excellent drainage, it may necessitate adjustments to watering practices. Succulents potted with pumice may require less frequent watering than traditional soil mixes.
  • Nutrient Availability: While pumice does not provide significant nutrients to plants, it allows for better nutrient uptake by preventing waterlogging and improving root health. Succulent gardeners should supplement with appropriate fertilizers to ensure optimal plant growth.


Perlite, also known as sponge rock, is a mineral made from volcanic glass. It usually contains about 70% silicon oxide and other minerals such as sodium, iron, aluminum, and potassium.

Typically, the unique combination of these minerals can be recognized by their colors which are either dark grey or black.

Before the raw perlite can become usable, it is processed in a kiln and then allowed to cool before it is crushed.

A soil with perlite.
It is known as sponge rock, is a mineral made from volcanic glass.

When the raw perlite is heated, it expands and becomes porous, which gives succulents great drainage properties.

The final product is a porous white ball. In fact, the easiest way to recognize perlite is by its white colour.

There are three different sizes of perlite; coarse, medium, and fine. Whatever you choose mostly depends on your needs. Some gardeners even prefer a blend of all three sizes for their succulent soil.

Perlite is predominantly used in hydroponics and as a succulent mix because it improves drainage and aeration. The main downside of perlite is that it creates perlite dust that can be unhealthy for your respiratory system.

Advantages of Perlite

Some of the key advantages of perlite include:

Fertilizer on the soil mix.
Perlite particles have insulating properties that help protect succulent roots from extreme temperature fluctuations
  • Optimal Drainage: Perlite’s porous nature promotes excellent drainage, preventing waterlogging and reducing the risk of root rot in succulent plants. It allows excess water to flow freely through the soil, maintaining optimal moisture levels for healthy root development.
  • Enhanced Aeration: The air pockets in perlite facilitate oxygen exchange within the soil, promoting robust root growth and preventing suffocation of succulent roots.
  • Lightweight: Perlite’s lightweight nature makes it easy to handle, blend with other soil components, and amend existing soil mixes. It provides structural stability to potted succulents and aids in root establishment.
  • pH Neutral: Perlite is pH neutral, which contributes to a balanced soil pH for succulent plants and is essential for optimal nutrient uptake.
  • Insulation Properties: Perlite particles have insulating properties that help protect succulent roots from extreme temperature fluctuations in both hot and cold climates.

Potential Drawbacks of Perlite

Like pumice, there are also some potential drawbacks to using perlite in succulent soil mixes.

  • Dust: Perlite creates a lot of dust when it is handled or mixed with other soil components. This dust can be harmful to your respiratory system if inhaled and should be avoided at all costs.
  • Limited Water Retention: Perlite’s excellent drainage capabilities may require succulent gardeners to water more frequently, particularly in arid environments or when cultivating succulents that require slightly higher moisture levels. Careful monitoring of soil moisture is crucial to prevent underwatering.
  • Cost: Depending on the quality being purchased, perlite can be a more expensive soil amendment option compared to pumice. However, its beneficial properties may make it worth the additional cost.
  • Availability: The availability of perlite may depend on the region you are in.

Considerations for Succulent Gardeners

Some of the key considerations you need to keep in mind if you decide to choose perlite include:

  • Particle Size: Perlite is available in different grades, from fine to coarse. Finer grades are suitable for smaller containers or seedlings, while coarser grades are preferable for larger containers and more established plants. Choose a particle size that allows proper water flow and root aeration without compacting the soil.
  • Nutrient Availability: While perlite does not provide significant nutrients to plants, it improves nutrient availability by preventing water saturation and facilitating proper root function. Supplementing with suitable fertilizers is essential to meet the nutritional needs of your plants.

Pumice vs Perlite: Which One Is Right for My Succulents?

The answer to this question depends on the particular needs of your succulent plants. Factors such as climate, container size, and watering frequency should all be taken into account when selecting the right soil amendment option.

A sack of soil and a bonsai without a pot.
Regardless of what you choose, remember to supplement with appropriate fertilizers.

Generally, pumice and perlite offer excellent drainage and aeration properties for succulent cultivation, so it is ultimately up to the gardener to decide which is best for their plants.

Researching and testing both pumice and perlite in different scenarios can help you determine which soil amendment works best for your succulent garden.

Ultimately, the goal is to create a well-balanced succulent soil mix that allows your plants to thrive. Regardless of what you choose, remember to supplement with appropriate fertilizers and monitor moisture levels closely for optimal growth.

Final Thoughts

Pumice and perlite are both excellent soil amendments for succulent cultivation.

While pumice is more neutral in its texture and provides better water retention, perlite offers superior drainage and aeration properties as well as insulation against temperature extremes.

Ultimately, the decision on which soil amendment option to choose will depend on the particular needs of your succulents and the environment they are grown in.

Careful research and testing should help you make the best decision for your succulent garden.

Last update on 2024-02-06 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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