How I Propagate Haworthia To Make More Plants

How many times have you seen a species of Haworthia you like, and wished you could have some more but didn't have the right conditions to make them yourself? Propagate Haworthia plants by leaf-divisions, offsets or leaf cuttings. By far the easiest method is by leaf-division.

Haworthia is a simple, easy-to-grow succulent. Commonly called “polka dot” or “zebra” plants, these houseplants are one of those succulent plants that would do well both indoors and out. Initially, they are slow to grow, but they can multiply and produce small offsets when established.

It can be costly to purchase enough succulent plants to fill your entire garden, so propagating is a cost-effective way to have a large garden. There are three tried and tested ways to propagate haworthia: seeds, offset division, or leaf cuttings. However, starting new haworthia plants using these methods can give gardeners all the plants they want at little cost.

The seeds can be bought online or harvested from your plants if you are fortunate to have a haworthia in bloom. The offset division requires a plant that sends lateral sprouts. Only a healthy plant is needed to start a new haworthia.

The ideal soil mixture to start new worthies is the same no matter the method. Use a premixed sachet cactus soil or create yours by combining a ratio of 2/3 of sand, crushed lava rock, or perlite to 1/3 of potting earth. Avoid using municipal water with chlorine during watering. Instead, use distilled water or a freshwater source.

Propagation of Haworthoia from Seed


Haworthia seeds should be grown in warm, semi-damp soil. Once the seed germinates, you should limit your watering habits as much as possible.

The cultivation of haworthia from seeds is often extremely time-consuming and can take weeks or even months to sprout. Before planting, soak the seeds to soften the skin. Use lukewarm water, not warm, and allow the seeds to soak for about 30 minutes.

Seeds on hand.
Haworthia seeds should be grown in warm, semi-damp soil.

After harvest, the seeds must be relatively new and not more than six months old. The more recently you have collected them, the more active the seeds are, and the quicker you progress. In addition, seeds under one month old will have a greater chance of survival during planting.

Get rid of any debris and dried fruit shells for good seed growth. If not removed, they will grow with the seeds that can lead to fungi, spreading among the seeds and killing them.

Fill one or more small jars with the cactus mix and put some seeds in each pot. Dust the seeds with a light layer of sand or gravel to lightly cover them. Keep the soil moist.

Seal the jars in a plastic purse or transparent container. Place the container where it will get indirect light and maintain room temperature. Monitor the level of humidity within the sealed container. If it is too dry, give it a drizzle.

The Seeds will not grow when the soil is too dry or damp. To overcome this problem, you must use a mist bottle. Spray the water on the sprout’s earth and keep the surface very wet, but the ground dries if possible.

If the algae starts to grow, open the bag or container and leave to dry. Once it sprouts, do not transplant immediately since the root system develops slowly. Instead, please keep them in a sealed container until an elaborate root system develops.

Benefits of seed propagation


● Seed propagation is the most efficient natural method of propagating in many plants.
● Propagating seeds increases the likelihood of genetic variation.
● It ensures that the plant remains viable for an extended period.
● Seeds are pretty inexpensive, and you can store them for a lengthy time.
● Seed germination poses a low risk of disease transmission to a new plant.

Propagating Haworthia by offsets


Most Haworthia species generate small clones of the mother plant known as offsets. A convenient time to spread the haworthia is when it has overrun its container.

Haworthia propagation by offsets has a high success rate and is relatively straightforward than other propagation methods. This approach is also cost-effective. The best time to remove offset sprouts is during repotting in spring or autumn.

A offset of Haworthia in a pot.
Haworthia propagation by offsets has a high success rate.

Soak the blades of your tools in a domestic cleaner or other disinfectants to avoid the spread of disease. Wear protective equipment, including gloves and goggles, as well.

Find pups that look big enough for removal. Try getting some roots when you are pulling out the offsets. You can remove a root-free pup, but you will be far more successful with those who have roots already growing. Take care to remove the offset as closely as possible to the mother plant.

Roots-free pups will eventually take root, but those with existing roots are more likely to survive independently. Similarly, the bigger ones are stronger than, the smaller ones and are more likely to survive.

A offset in a white pot.
Propagation by offset division is the easiest and quickest method of growing a new haworthia.

At times, you can separate the pups by gently twisting the pup out of the parent plant. However, we recommend removing the entire plant from the pot before separating the pups to allow you to view the roots.

Use a clean knife or blade to take out the pup. Separate the baby plant carefully from its parent plant by inserting the knife’s edge between the mother plant and the offshoot. Slowly remove the offshoot from the parent plant and cut the root that connects it.


Allow the pup to dry for about a day or more to ensure the cut or open areas are dry and sealed or calluses. Keep in a dry place clear of direct sunlight. Optional: Dip the pup in the rooting hormone before planting. Rooting hormones can help accelerate this process, in particular for root-free pups.

Haworthia plant with its offset.
You can separate the pups by gently twisting the pup out of the parent pl

You can plant the pup. Once dry, you can produce the pup by itself. Make a well-draining potting mixture and plant the offset in the soil. Loosely wrap the earth around the plant until it is secure.
Pups require a bit more humidity than adult plants. Spray the soil lightly every couple of days or when the soil is dry.

Once the plant is more established and rooted, stop misting and irrigate more deeply. You can reduce watering to approximately weekly or less. Protect new plants from direct sun when initially planted in their pot to avoid damage caused by sunlight. Then, progressively increase sunlight and sun exposure depending on the plant’s needs as it matures.

How to remove offsets from Haworthia parent plant


● Check for root offsets around the base of the mother zebra plant. Carefully scrape the soil around the bottom of the branches and seek small, pale, or white pink roots.
● Place the blade of a gardening knife in the ground halfway between the original plant and the rooted offspring. Then, slide the blade across the ground to separate the root.
● Cut a 2-inch radius into the soil around the base of the rooted branch using the tip of your gardening knife. Excavate along the radial line to a depth of 5 inches with a small portable spade.
● Place the pocket spade blade at an angle below the rooted branch. Carefully detach from the ground and remove. Fill the hole left by the offshoots to protect the parent plant’s roots.

Propagating Haworthia from leaf cuttings


Haworthia can spread by leaf cuttings like many other succulent plants. However, leaf cuttings are more successful in circular and thicker haworthias. But be careful because this plant is difficult to get the entire leaf without pulling the tip of the leaf.

Ensure that the whole leaf end is removed and intact for this process to work. Then, you can either propagate the entire plant at once or cut the inner stalk as they separate all the leaves or use a small precision knife.

Leaf cuttings propagation.
Leaf cuttings are more successful in circular and thicker haworthias.

Multiplication by cutting leaves requires you to cut a healthy young leaf of haworthia plant with a sharp and sterilized knife. Therefore, the best time to use this method of haworthia propagation is at the end of the dormancy period or early in the growing season.

Choose a new healthy leaf because older leaves near the base of the plant do not root as well as young leaves. Then, with a sharp blade, cut the leaf. Do not use scissors, which may cause damage to fleshy leaves. After extracting the leaf, dip the edge into the rooting hormone if available. Rooting hormone powder may help accelerate the propagation of your haworthia plant.

Let the leaf dry for several days till the cut edge heals or forms a crust. Then, gently plant the leaf into a pot with water using the cactus mixture. Position the potted leaf where it gets indirect light. Keep the soil damp but not soaked. The leaf will need several weeks to establish an adequate root system.

When watering your cuttings, use a spray bottle, but be careful not to knock down the cutting as this may break the roots trying to grow. You should have a rooted cutting ready to go in a larger pot in a month or so.

Bottom Line


Depending on what is at your disposal with your Haworthia plants, you can choose one of three ways to spread your plant. They’re equally effective, and sometimes it’s just a personal preference.

Propagation by offset division is the easiest and quickest method of growing a new haworthia. It is best to propagate this succulent actively growing, so new plants may have enough time to develop before their dormant period.

read this next

Are you spending more time at your home than ever? Now is the perfect time to jump on the plant parenthood ship! Green up your spaces by adding plants such as these cactuses! The question is: where to buy them? We’ve listed down the best places to buy a cactus.
It may seem difficult to take care of a cactus, but it can be fun and rewarding when you have patience and time to devote to your plant. Cacti are versatile houseplants that can work in almost any corner of your home.
Looking for a complicated, yet interesting cactus for your garden? The Jumping cholla Cactus should be part of your list. These low-maintenance plants are not only fast growing but also lenient to the busy and forgetful lot.
Air plants are a very healthy choice for interior decoration. They don’t need soil to grow, and they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen during the night. A common myth spread about air plants is that they can’t survive indoors, but this is simply untrue. Air plant enthusiasts say that air plants need the same type of care as other indoor plants, so here’s some tips on how to keep your air plant alive.
There are various cacti species that can be grown indoors. To pick the right cactus for you, you should consider factors like sunlight, space, temperature, potting, and required maintenance techniques
Succulents are easy to care for and they add a wonderful pop of color to any room. If you’re thinking about adding a few to your home, but aren’t sure what types to choose, this list is for you. Try one or more of these 15 succulents that are easy to care for and don’t require much attention.
Do you have an aeonium in your garden? In the world of succulents, one of the most frequently asked questions is how to care for an aeonium. While many people are familiar with succulents, not everyone knows how to care for them.
Desert plants are among the low-maintenance species, which can handle relatively harsh environments and do not require much care. Decorate your garden with one of these beautiful plants: Texas Sage, Mexican Feather Grass, Pencil Plant, Living Stone, Zebra Cactus, Desert Marigold, Ocotillo, Aloe Vera, Fox Tail Agave, and Paddle Plant
Providing good growing conditions including essential nutrients, are critical elements you need to adhere to when growing cacti plants. Doing things right will give your plants the best chance of staying healthy and happy throughout the year
Euphorbias are commonly known as “spurges.” They have become popular as indoor houseplants due to their small size, varied color and texture, and exceptional tolerance of neglect. In the past they were usually grown in hanging baskets or terrariums. Propagating them is relatively simple once you know how.
One of the most important things you need to do to achieve better results is to find the best soil for your plant. Good cactus soil needs to drain quickly while holding on to the right amount of moisture to nourish the plant when need be
Cactus fruits are edible and safe. Scientific research has proved that consuming cactus fruits offer a wide range of health benefits to the body. They can prevent lipid oxidation, lower the blood sugar level, and speed up the wound healing process
If your Christmas cactus has stopped blooming, or you just need to find out how to keep it healthy and growing, check out the information below. Learn about pruning and repotting, along with watering and fertilizing instructions, so you can enjoy your Christmas cactus for many years to come.
Taking care of an Echeveria plant comes with the most challenging part — watering. This is because Echeveria plants are more active during summer than winter which means they require different water method during these seasons. Follow these golden rules to help you cultivate your own Echeveria plant.
Tropical terrariums bring the beauty and wonder of a tropical rainforest to your home. Start off with a clear glass container, or tall vase, and place a layer of soil on the bottom. Then, create a miniature landscape using tropical plants, rocks, and pebbles that represent a tropical island.
The Kalanchoe plant is well know for its beautiful, long lasting blooms. As time goes by, the stems will often dry up and break off naturally at their base or between where they are connected to the leaves. Most people assume that when this happens it means the plant is dead. The secret to keeping your plants healthy and growing is knowing how to take a cutting off one of these dried up stems and getting it re-planted.
If you love cacti, but do not have the most optimal environment, there is no need to feel defeated! Cacti as a group share core characteristics, but individually, each has unique care needs. Your responsibility is to make the most of the environment for your plant by allowing what light you can

Receive the latest news

Get Our Cacti Newsletter

Stay updated with the latest facts, tips, advice, and more!

Your privacy is important to us.